*Songs in bold are being officially released as a part of "The Rarities" October 2nd, 2020.*
- 1 Pre-Record Deal Songs
- 2 Mariah Carey (1990)
- 3 Emotions (1991)
- 4 Music Box (1993)
- 5 Daydream (1995)
- 6 Someone's Ugly Daughter (1995)
- 7 Rainbow (1999)
- 8 Glitter (2001)
- 9 Charmbracelet (2002)
- 10 The Emancipation of Mimi (2005)
- 11 E=MC² (2008)
- 12 Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel (2009)
- 13 Angels Advocate (2010)
- 14 Me. I Am Mariah... The Elusive Chanteuse (2014)
- 15 #1 to Infinity (2015)
- 16 Caution (2018)
- 17 Miscellaneous Songs
Pre-Record Deal Songs
According the US Copyright Office, Mariah Carey had started to copyright songs in 1985 when she was just 15 years old. The registration numbers for the following copyright songs are in brackets.
She has two registered on May 16, 1985:
- "Ticket to Heaven" (PAu-723-819) with music by Joel Kushnick and lyrics by Carey
- "How to Begin" (PAu-723-833) with music by Paul Kushnick & lyrics by Carey. This song may have been titled "To Begin" which is an unreleased song that Mariah mentioned in her memoir.
On June 14, 1985, Carey registered:
- "Discover That You're Mine" (PAu-734-102) written by Mariah.
In 1986, Carey recorded vocals for:
- "Weakness of the Body", written by Ken Cedar, which ended up on Judy Torres's album "Love Story".
Mariah Carey had also registered a song with songwriting partner Clarissa Dane, (then roommate and friend) on December 28, 1987:
- "Fade Away" (SRu-129-353) (not to be confused with "Everything Fades Away") with lyrics by Dane and Carey and music by Carey.
- On February 11, 1988, the song's credits were changed to have both writers share claim in music and lyrics. The December registration says the song can also be known as "(You Just) Fade Away" (SRu-125-712). Dane later revealed the song having a Rock feel and stated Carey as one of the most versatile persons out there claiming she can sing any style, any genre in a 2004 interview with leading fansite Mariah Daily. The opening lyric was described as: "Just another lonely night" with the style of the song being AOR something in the vein of late 80's Heart and Chicago.
- "Just Can't Hold It Back" is a song Mariah mentioned on page 113 of her book "The Meaning of Mariah Carey"
Mariah Carey (1990)
Mariah and her songwriting partner, Ben Marguiles, wrote several songs together before she got her recording contract, and several after she got it, including "Love Takes Time" and "Vision of Love". As her Sony/Columbia bosses were concerned with Carey having a flawless debut, many of the songs they had written did not make the album.
"Here We Go Round Again" was the first song they ever wrote together being described as a Motown sounding R&B/Soul song. "Do You Ever Wonder" was placed on Carey's famous demo tape, but also never made the final album cut. Mariah and Ben later had a falling out, slimming the odds of the songs being released. Since Mariah has now left Sony, the possibility of the songs being released is almost nonexistent. In 2005, Mariah bought the rights to all songs from Sony. The registration numbers for the following titles are in brackets.
- "Unspoken Emotion" (PAu-1-667-059)
- "Surrender To Me" (PAu-1-667-057)
- "Now You Got My Heart" (PAu-1-667-060)
- "No Doubt" (PAu-1-667-062)
- "Let Me Go" (PAu-1-667-070)
- "Into The Light" (PAu-1-667-107)
- "Here We Go Round Again" (PAu-1-667-103) - The song was included in her album "The Rarities".
- "Echoes Of Love" (PAu-1-667-107)
- "Don’t Take The World Away" (PAu-1-667-058)
- "Do You Ever Wonder?" (PAu-1-667-100)
- "I Lose Control"-Penny Ford later sung this song for her 1993 album.
- "Bee mar suite 82288"'1 (PAu-1-119-135)
- "Bee mar suite III"1 (PAu-1-134-561)1
(These could be unfinished works, songs without titles, or songs from the first album (released or unreleased) that had no titles or were not finished before registration.)
According to BMI, Mariah registered 2 songs written with Barry Mann, one half of the famous songwriting duo Mann-Weil with his wife Cynthia Weil.
- "Breaking The Chains"
- "Hypnotized" (PAu-1-667-101) is a song featured on Mariah's Demo tape. In 2015, she teased her fans by tweeting "Listening to #Hypnotized (My teenage demo version)". In a 2018 interview, she explained how she felt this song was the best on her demo but unfortunately failed to make her eponymous debut album because her label thought it leaned too much towards the R&B category
- "We're Not Makin' Love Anymore" (featuring Michael Bolton) was initially scheduled to be released on either Mariah's debut album or Michael Bolton's "Time, Love & Tenderness" album in 1990. The song has reportedly been performed live once at an untaped debut showcase for Mariah's debut album in 1989/1990 featuring both artists. Unfortunately due to some schedule conflicts, Mariah was unable to finish the studio version as she was in the recording process of her then sophomore album, "Emotions." It was eventually released on Bolton's 1991 album featuring Patti LaBelle. The full version of the song featuring Mariah was leaked on the internet in late 2018.
- "Can You Hear Me?" is an unreleased track from the "Emotions" album. In July of 2020, Mariah posted a trailer to MC30 which showed a master tape with this song's title. The song was included in her album "The Rarities". Cancelled because the album had too many ballads.
Music Box (1993)
- "Do You Think Of Me" is the B-side to the song "Dreamlover" but was never officially released on any streaming platforms. The song was included in her album "The Rarities".
- "Everything Fades Away" is the B-side to the song "Hero" and was included as a bonus track on the international release of the album. During her 2020 Vegas residency, Mariah sang a snippet of the song on stage and released a Youtube video of her, her backup singers, and JoJo singing the background vocals. The song was included in her album "The Rarities".
- "All I Live For" is a song that nobody knows much about. It's not known for sure if the song was meant to be on "Music Box" or if it was a stand-alone release. The song was included in her album "The Rarities". Scrapped because it was New Jack Swing, something that was out-of-date by 1993.
- "Slipping Away" was a track written by Carey, with Dave Hall helming its production. The track was originally supposed to appear on Carey's 'Daydream' album, and is believed to be a song about how Tommy Mottola's and Carey's marriage drifts apart. Even though the song had been mastered, it failed to make the final track list and served as a B-side to the single release of 'Always Be My Baby'. In 2019, during her Caution World Tour in London, Mariah sang a big part of the song and revealed that the label didn't let her include it on the album because "it was too R&B." The song was released on all platforms as a part of "The Rarities" album, and is the 7th track.
- "One Night" is a song with little to information known about it. The song was included in her album "The Rarities" as track 6. Scrapped because it was too urban.
Someone's Ugly Daughter (1995)
- It was revealed 25 years later that Mariah Carey had be involved with a rock album in 1995. Her lead vocals still remain unreleased, but Mariah is determined to uncover her long-lost lead rock vocals. As stated on social media by Carey, "I did an alternative album while I was making Daydream Just for laughs, but it got me through some dark days. Here's a little of what I wrote about it in #TheMeaningOfMariahCarey S/O to my friend Clarissa who performs the lead w/ me as a hidden layer #Chick #TMOMC." "Now that you've listened to Clarissa's kick-ass lead vocals, I can tell you that I'm on a quest to unearth the version of this album with my lead vocals and will not stop until we find it! So happy that we get to experience this together lol!"
- "The Crave Song" (Alternative Title: "Demented") was originally written for the "Daydream" album. It is unknown who Mariah wrote or produced it with. Mariah teased about the song in interviews, only calling it "The Crave Song" and mentioning that it was full of innuendo. Her manner of speaking showed a side of her that had never been seen before. However, she also mentioned slyly that she would never release the track. Mariah used to have a record label named Crave, but there is no evidence to suggest that the song and the record label are related.
- "Joe", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- "Love Is A Scam", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- "Violent", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- "Malibu", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- "Freak", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- "Agony", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- "Surrender", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- "Hermit", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- "Prom Queen", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- "Stork: Orphan In My Room", Carey's lead vocals remain unreleased.
- Lead The Way was an unused track for Butterfly. It was the last song Mariah and Walter worked on before they ended their partnership. Even though it was written in 1997, it wasn't recorded until 2000, just so it could make its way to the Glitter soundtrack.
- "After Tonight" (featuring Luis Miguel) was released on the album "Rainbow", with no featured artists. It was originally intended to be a duet with Mariah's then boyfriend, Luis Miguel, titled "Till The End," but because the vocals of Carey and Miguel were not musically compatible (due to Mariah's high range), the couple were forced to repeatedly re-record the song with several documented takes. Finally, a frustrated Luis took the recording of the song and ripped it up. Although this was originally explained as the reason why the version on the album is solo, it should be noted that apparently digital backups of the version with Miguel do exist. Since Mariah is no longer with the Sony/Columbia label and had a falling out with Luis Miguel, this version is likely to never be released.
- "Lillie's Blues" (420597162) with credits to Carey, James Samuel Harris III, Terry Steven Lewis, and James Quenton Wright
- The song with a Jazz Blues sound is featured early in the film "Glitter", where the young Billie (Isabel Gomes) and her mother (Valarie Pettiford) are in a bar singing and the young Billie showcases her vocal abilities. It may be that the song was never intended to be recorded by Carey, but given copyright status primarily for its purpose in the movie. A portion of the lyrics are featured in the film.
- "Love Will Never End"-not much is known about this one.
- "Loverboy (Firecracker - Original Version)" is the original mix of the song that used a sample from Martin Denny's song "Firecracker", but the sample was changed to Cameo's "Candy" last minute after the same sample was used on Jennifer Lopez remix of "I'm Real" shortly before the release of "Loverboy". The original mix of the track can be heard briefly in early commercials for "Glitter", and the chorus lyrics are sung in a similar tempo and tune to the "Firecracker" sample. Furthermore, Da Brat's rap verse in the official remix of "Loverboy" contains the sample in the form of a lyrical diss to Lopez and Motolla's unprofessional use of it. As of September 2020, Mariah has released the original version with the Firecracker sample as a part of her album "The Rarities."
- "Anything Can Happen" was rumoured to have been the first single from the earlier stages when the accompanying movie was titled "All That Glitters."
- "There for Me" is a song written by Mariah, which was originally going to be a part of "Rainbow", but was released in 2001 as a B-side to the single version of the "Never too far/Hero" Medley.
- "Everytime". Mariah confirmed the existence of the track in a radio interview on Rove Radio in 2001, only a version with a session musician has leaked. The vocalist does sound remarkably like Mariah Carey herself. There are rumors that this vocalist is one of Mariah’s backing singers
- ”So, It’s Just The Way” was originally the second track when the album was still called “All That Glitters.” The reason as to why it was scrapped is still unknown but Mariah confirmed its existence via her IG story. ("So its just the way" are lyrics from Want You. So its not a different song. 🙄 -Andi.)
- "The Wedding Song" was originally written for the "Charmbracelet" album. The song was written and produced by Carey, Jimmy Jam, and Terry Lewis. Jam and Lewis even mentioned the song (calling it only as "The Wedding Song") in interviews, but nevertheless it was never released.
- "Reach For The Sky" was originally written for the "Charmbracelet" album. The song was written and produced by Carey and 7 Aurelius, at Compass Point Studios in Nassau, Bahamas, along with the songs "Subtle Invitation" and "There Goes My Heart", the former of which made the album and the latter of which was an added track on the Asian-only re-release. Carey mentioned the song in several interviews comparing it to her hit "Hero", and boasting of its live instrumentation and its Olympic Theme/Arena type sound. Fans and critics were shocked then, as the heavily promoted song was nowhere to be found when the album was released. When questioned about the song at the March of Dimes Awards, she said that she decided to include "My Saving Grace" on the album's final cut instead of "Reach For The Sky." The rumor is this was never fully recorded and finished.
- "Yours" (featuring Justin Timberlake) was released on the album "Charmbracelet", with no featured artists. The song was considered to be a duet with Justin Timberlake. The co-producers of the track, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, thought Justin's voice would suit the song and he was called in to record some vocals. Carey was impressed with the results too and wanted the duet on the album. However, Justin's label, Jive, refused to allow clearance for the track to be legally released. In 2005, following the success of Carey's "The Emancipation of Mimi", rumours surfaced that Timberlake was eager to work with Carey again on the same song.
- "Alive" - Mentioned in an article in W magazine. It was supposed to be realeased on a scrapped "Live"(EP). The song iintially penned by Aurelius and 7 has production notes under Chartmaker Inc and ASCAP adding the additional production of super balladeer David Foster. The track was also said to mix Live Vocals with a studio beat, but is "transparently honest". According to W, who heard the title mastering, the song is unlike any Carey song. "It's refreshing to hear Carey sing folk in a ballad format," quotes W's Downer. The opening is a guitar-based ref that stops completely allowing for a lower registry Carey to pull in and continue with her mid-chords staying comfortably throughout the song. The lyrics "Soft and tender, he feelsmore aliver when he dances with the moon" is whispery but candid and erotic.
- "Never Enough" - There are to be believed a very rough 15-second clip of Mariah singing the outro. Its authenticity is unonfirmed.
- "Satisfy (Feat. Michael Jackson)" - The pair reportedly recorded a song for Mariah's 2002 album "Charmbracelet", with Mariah on lead and Jackson on backing vocals, But it still has not seen the light of day.
- "Distant Lover"- Jermaine Dupri mentioned it in an MTV interview article in 2002.
- "Friendz (with N.O.R.E) is a song featured on his unreleased album "1 Fan A day".
- "My Life (with Damizza) was a song planned to be included in one of his mixtapes.
- "Misty Moon" was a song recorded by Mariah spacifically for a Japanese tea advertisement.
The Emancipation of Mimi (2005)
- "(When) I Feel It" was originally written and produced by Mariah Carey and Mahogany for the "The Emancipation of Mimi" album. The song was supposed to be released on all versions of "The Emancipation of Mimi" and was confirmed as a track from early reports of the album's tracklisting. However, only weeks before the album was to be released, the sample of The Dynamic Superiors' "Here Comes That Feeling" that was used in the song was denied clearance by the original songwriters. Carey and her record label pleaded to have the sample cleared, but were once again denied. As a result, the track was not legally allowed to be released and the track "Joy Ride" replaced it on the album. A very brief and rough cell phone recording of a snippet of "When I Feel It" was leaked to the internet by fans of Mariah Carey in early 2005. The entire track leaked to the internet in July 2007 after a snippet was featured on Mahogany's official MySpace profile, but a controversy arose after fans complained that he had charged $1.99 for the song but failed to deliver it on time. In a recent interview with Rashmi Shastri, Mahogany stated about "When I Feel It" that "it's so soulful you would want the whole album to be like that."
- "Your Girl" (featuring N.O.R.E.) was released on the album "The Emancipation of Mimi", with no featured artists. However, the song was originally supposed to include a rap from NORE. L.A. Reid, Carey's manager at the time, believed the album had enough guest appearances; as a result NORE's raps were removed. A very brief and rough cell phone recording of a snippet of "Your Girl (With Nore)" was leaked to the internet by Carey fans in early 2005.
- "I Like It" (with Buccweet)" is a song that leaked in the mid 2000's
- In interviews, Carey revealed that 22 songs were produced/written for the album and out of those 22 songs only 16 ended up showing up on the album. 14 tracks for the standard version and 16 tracks were released to the Japanese version.
- "Cool On You" (2007) is a song that was eventually released on the album "The Rarities" on October 2nd, 2020. The alternative titles for this previously unreleased track as mention in The Rarities' liner notes include; "Do The Coat", "Kick Rocks" and "Eat Dirt". "Kick Rocks" was named by Carey in an interview many years ago.
- "Help me make it (through the night)" is a cover recorded by Mariah, scheduled for the soundtrack of "Tennessee" along with "Right to Dream" Unfortunately, only the latter was released as part of the soundtrack
Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel (2009)
- "Imperfect" was the original reason why the album was titled Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel. The track was produced by Tricky Stewart. An unmastered version of the song leaked the internet May 2010.
- "Skydiving" was produced by Timbaland. The song surfaced on the internet a week before the album was released. It is unknown if the song was originally part of the track list, or simply the result of an experimental studio session between Timbaland and Carey.
Angels Advocate (2010)
This is a cancelled remix album of "Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel". It was planned to be released in 2010, containing remixed versions for every song on her latest album as well as some bonus tracks. It was supposed to be released on January, later rescheduled to March, but then it was cancelled altogether. The reason for the cancellation, according to HMV Japan, Rap-Up Magazine and Mariah's manager, was "Memoirs'" poor commercial performance. The tracklist included:
- "Betcha Gon' Know (ft. R. Kelly and Diddy)" which was later released on the deluxe version of "Me I am Mariah...The Elusive Chanteuse" in 2014, solely with R.Kelly
- "Obsessed (ft. Gucci Mane)" which was released as a single and even received a music video
- "H.A.T.E.U. (ft. OJ Da Juiceman, Big Boi & Gucci Mane)" which was leaked. The song was played at Mariah's Meet & Greet Area in her 2018-2019 residency, "The Butterfly Returns"
- "Candy Bling (ft. T-Pain)" which was leaked
- "Ribbon (ft. Ludacris and The-Dream)" which was leaked
- "Inseperable (ft. Trey Songz)" which was leaked
- "Standing O (ft. Kanye West)" which has never been heard
- "It's a Wrap (ft. Mary J. Blige)" which was later released on the deluxe version of "Me I am Mariah...The Elusive Chanteuse" in 2014
- "Up Out My Face (ft. Nicki Minaj)" which was released as the 4th single off of "Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel" and received a music video featuring the two female stars
- "More Than Just Friends (ft. Alicia Keys)" which has never been leaked or heard.
- "The Impossible (ft. Jodeci)" which has never been leaked or heard.
- "Angels Cry (ft. Ne-Yo)" which was released as the 5th single off of "Memoirs of an Imperfect Angel", and received a music video
- "I Wanna Know What Love Is (ft. Styles P. and Jadakiss)" which has never been leaked or heard.
As well as 3 bonus tracks:
- "Call Me Now (ft Westlife)" which has never been heard.
- "That's a smash (ft Busta Rhymes)" which is a rumoured collaboration
- "100%" which was later released as the lead single from the "AT&T Team USA 2010 Winter Olympics" soundtrack. It was originally planned for the "Precious" soundtrack, and later for "Memoirs..."
- "Bring it on Home" was a song written by Mariah exclusively for Obama. The song was first previewed on "Good Morning America" in 2012, in an interview with Barbara Walters, but was never officially released. However, she performed the song once for Obama in 2012.
- "Thirsty (feat. Rich Homie Quan)" was the remix of "Thirsty" only released for promotional reasons and club play.
- "Panic the City" is a song recorded by Mariah and written by her and Jermaine Dupri in 2009. In 2011, they were arguing on twitter about the song and when they would finish it, which made us think that it was conceivably intended for this album. His nephew revealed in 2017, this song is a dance track.
- "Hope Street" was a song rumoured to be featured on Mariah's new album in 2012.
- "Lullaby Of Birdland" is a song that Mariah has performed live a few times in 2014 and once in 2019. She officially released the live song on her album "The Rarities" as the 13th track. The song was meant to be an interlude on the album when it was originally titled "The Art of Letting Go".
#1 to Infinity (2015)
- "Why You Mad? (Infinity Remix) (ft Justin Bieber, French Montana & TI" is a remixed version of "Infinity" which was never released. The song was however leaked later in 2015.
- "Angels Cry" was named by Carey at the Genius interview, but any other information on the song remains unknown.
- "Roc n' Roe" a song recorded by her kids, Monroe and Morrocan, and written by Carey. She first mentioned the song in her Jimmy Kimmel interview in June of 2018, describing the whole situation around its recording. What is more, she said that it doesn't have a title yet that is why she has been calling it "Roc n' Roe". More recently, in an interview in November, she said that she is reluctant to release it because the kids sound a lot younger but she might release it eventually some time after "Caution's" release. The song has not yet been released.
- "Runway (ft KOHH)" is only available on iTunes Japan
- None of Jermaine Dupri’s tracks made the final cut of the album. However, he was said to have produced remixes for the album.
The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers, abbreviated as ASCAP, has registered in its database several unreleased or unfinished songs accredited to Mariah. The ASCAP Title Code for the following songs are in brackets alongside the song's writers.
- "To Begin" is a song Mariah wrote while living at her mother's house. Mariah has stated that the song is among one of the many lost tapes that she once owned.
- "Headlines" (380354894) written by Branford Marsalis
- "Flow" (360517442) written by James Samuel, Harris III, and Terry Steven Lewis)"
- "I Pray" (391751774) written by Crouch Kenneth Scott and Carey - the song was performed by Paul Robbins on the Oprah Winfrey show, where it is said that Mariah Carey (present for the show) wrote this song especially for Paul. The song was released on "The Rarities" album on October 2nd, and it is the 10th track on the album.
- "Where Are You Christmas?" written by Carey, James Horner and Will Jennings - the song was originally recorded by Carey, but because of a legal case with her ex-husband Tommy Mottola, it could not be released, so it was re-recorded and released by Faith Hill.
- "Mesmerized" was a track recorded for Lee Daniel's "The Paperboy", but was not included in the final cut of the film. The song was released as part of "The Rarities" album on October 2nd. It is the 12th track on the album.
- "Christmas is New York" is an improvisation by Mariah Carey. She improvised the lyrics and melody during a show on her Christmas shows in December 2015, hinting possibly a new christmas song.
- "Where I Belong" (Busta Rhymes ft. Mariah Carey). Busta Rhymes uploaded a snippet of the song in 2016, which was very similar to "I know what you want". A music video was rumoured to have been shot, after a mysterious picture surfaced the internet. It was eventually released in October 2020.
- "Ecstasy" is a song that Mariah wrote with Jermaine Dupri. Mariah has announced that she is unable to find this song in her vault
- "Save The Day" (2020) was released as the 14th track on "The Rarities."
- "Close My Eyes" (2020 Acoustic) is the acoustic version of the song that was originally released on the album "Butterfly" and was re-recorded and released as the 15th track on "The Rarities."